What is Anzac Day?
ANZAC Day – 25 April – is probably Australia’s most important national occasion. It marks the anniversary of the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War.
What does ANZAC stand for?
ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. The soldiers in those forces quickly became known as Anzacs, and the pride they took in that name endures to this day.
Why is this day special to Australians?
When war broke out in 1914, Australia had been a federal commonwealth for only 13 years. The new national government was eager to establish its reputation among the nations of the world. In 1915 Australian and New Zealand soldiers formed part of the allied expedition that set out to capture the Gallipoli peninsula in order to open the Dardanelles to the allied navies. The ultimate objective was to capture Constantinople (now Istanbul in Turkey), the capital of the Ottoman Empire, an ally of Germany.
The Australian and New Zealand forces landed on Gallipoli on 25 April, meeting fierce resistance from the Ottoman Turkish defenders. What had been planned as a bold stroke to knock Turkey out of the war quickly became a stalemate, and the campaign dragged on for eight months. At the end of 1915 the allied forces were evacuated, after both sides had suffered heavy casualties and endured great hardships. Over 8,000 Australian soldiers had been killed. News of the landing on Gallipoli had made a profound impact on Australians at home, and 25 April soon became the day on which Australians remembered the sacrifice of those who had died in the war.
Although the Gallipoli campaign failed in its military objectives, the Australian and New Zealand actions during the campaign left us all a powerful legacy. The creation of what became known as the “Anzac legend” became an important part of the identity of both nations, shaping the ways they viewed both their past and their future.
It’s the last day of Term 1, 2014. Congratulations on a successful and prosperous 10 weeks of school. You have all been wonderful students and I’m already looking forward to Term 2. Have a safe and happy holiday! Happy Easter 5K!
“All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others”.
Animal Farm is a simple tale of what happens when the animals on Mr Jones’s farm get rid of the owner and take the farm over themselves. Their revolution begins with the best of intentions, but is undermined by corruption and greed.
Animal Farm by George Orwell is a satire which demonstrates how people can be manipulated and deceived through propagana. Although it was inspired by and parallels the Russian Revolution and has historical significance, its themes are universal and timeless. It prompts readers to think critically instead of blindly accepting what they are told and understand how information is often distorted and slanted to mislead or scare people into action. Furthermore, it challenges readers to recognize and resist injustices.
You can watch the film on Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p_afZiNX4R8
What did you think of the film? What was the moral of the story? Comment in the box below.
ONE SINGAPORE from Berwick Lodge on Vimeo.
5K sings ‘One Singapore’ in celebration of the Berwick Lodge Primary School Senior School Asian Expo celebration on Tuesday, 1 April, 2014.
Nick, from 5K, presents the first episode of Gardening Berwick Lodge.
Check it out.
Gardening Berwick Lodge from Berwick Lodge on Vimeo.
Next Wednesday is “What do you want to be when you grow up?” day. Please dress appropriately and bring a gold coin donation. Talk to 5K’s Junior School Council representatives (Kobe and Sienna) for more information.
5K celebrating Harmony Day on Friday, 21 March, 2014.
On Saturday night, I went to the Victorian Taekwondo Championships and I had a lot of fun. There was fierce competition from my competitors, but when it was my turn to be on the mats I gave it my best shot. The mats were slippery so when I began fighting, I slipped! That happened a couple of times! It was quite funny because I almost did the splits. When I started fighting, I got a bit scared, but I got over it. When the fight stopped the score was ‘2’ points to ‘6’. I lost, but that’s ok! I got bronze!